Launched in 2008, the Kenya Vision 2030 aims to transform Kenya into a newly industrializing, middle-income country providing a high quality of life to all its citizens by the year 2030. Infrastructure is a critical component in helping create significant trade opportunities within East and Central Africa
To position Kenya as a hub for intra-regional trade in Africa, the government has planned to invest over $55.6 billion into infrastructure. This is expected to benefit the service, retail, energy, agriculture, and telecommunications sectors.
Since 2010, the government of Kenya has invested over $10 billion (Kshs 1 trillion) into road infrastructure across the country. This has seen a 166% increase in the classified road network compared to the previous decade. This is part of an ongoing effort to ensure the frictionless movement of goods and services from Kenya into the Eastern Africa region.
2019 saw the commissioning of both passenger and freight services on the brand new standard gauge railway (SGR), a $3.6 billion railway that significantly reduced the travel time between the port city of Mombasa and the capital Nairobi. The SGR terminates in the Great Rift Valley at the Naivasha Inland Port in Suswa, Nakuru County. To connect Kenya to her neighbours in East and Central Africa, the government of Kenya will invest an additional $210 million to upgrading the older meter gauge railway and enhance the efficient movement of people and goods.
Kenya has nine civilian airports and airstrips owned and operated by the Kenya Airports Authority. The Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi serves as the regional transport hub and is home to the national carrier Kenya Airways that connects Kenya to 55 destinations worldwide daily. Local carriers licensed by the Kenya Civil Aviation Authority seamlessly connect passengers to the regional airports in Eldoret, Isiolo, Kisumu, Lamu, Lokichoggio, Mombasa, Malindi, Wajir,and Ukunda.
Kenya has seaports in Lamu and Mombasa at the coast, as well as the Kisumu Port connecting the lake-side city to Uganda and Tanzania. The government has made strategic investments to expand the port of Mombasa to accommodate a second container terminal as well as the construction of the $390 million oil terminal at Kipevu.
The Lamu Port is set to be the cornerstone of the Lamu Port-South Sudan-Ethiopia-Transport (LAPSSET) Corridor project, Eastern Africa's largest and most ambitious infrastructure project bringing together rail, road, and pipeline connecting Kenya, Ethiopia, and South Sudan. With the first berth commissioned in August 2019, the 32-berth $3.5 billion port will serve as a strategic transit hub for both the Horn of Africa as well as the greater Eastern Africa region.